Wake Forest 27587 Magazine

Summer 2018

The quarterly 27587 MAGAZINE is a must-read, in-you-hands publication that strives to give a deeper identity to rapidly growing Wake Forest, N.C. It highlights in-depth stories, targeting higher-income households.

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Wake Forest 27587 Magazine | Summer 2018 63 River Cooter (Pseudemys concinna) Among our largest basking turtles, the river cooter is easily confused with the Yellow-bellied Slider, with which it often shares basking sites. It has a flatter carapace, or dorsal of the upper shell, with the first and/or second costal scute, or shield, on each side patterned with a C-shaped mark, thin longitudinal yellow stripes on the neck, and usually an orange or reddish plastron. Adults are mostly herbivorous, feeding on a variety of aquatic plants. Males have extremely long claws on their front feet. Eastern Painted Turtle (Chrysemys picta) Smallest of the common "basking turtles," the painted turtle may be identified by the pale margins on its carapacial scutes, two oval yellow spots in line behind each eye, and conspicuous red markings on the limbs and edges of the shell. Preferring quiet waters, it is common over most of the Piedmont and northern Coastal Plain, uncommon over most of the Mountains, and rare to absent in the southeastern corner of the state. Painted turtles are omnivorous. Yellow-bellied Slider (Trachemys scripta) The slider, named for its habit of basking and "sliding" quickly into the water if disturbed, is among the most common turtles in the Coastal Plain and eastern Piedmont, becoming scarce to absent in the western Piedmont and Mountains. Sliders often bask alongside cooters, but may be distinguished by the oblique yellow blotch behind the eye, slightly more domed and rugose carapace with transverse yellow bars and more jagged rear edge, and vertical yellow stripes on the rear of the thighs. Eastern Mud Turtle (Kinosternon subrubrum) One of our smallest turtles, the eastern mud turtle can be distinguished from the similar musk turtle by its larger, double-hinged plastron; triangular pectoral scutes, or plates of tissue; and lack of distinct head stripes. Mud turtles are common across most of North Carolina but rare to absent in the Mountains and Foothills. They prefer quiet, shallow-water habitats and often travel overland. Unlike most freshwater turtles, mud turtles overwinter terrestrially. Their eggs (and those of musk turtles) have hard, brittle shells. Eastern Musk Turtle (Sternotherus odoratus) Also called stinkpot, the musk turtle is named for its foul-smelling defensive musk. One of our smallest turtles, it occurs statewide. Highly aquatic, musk turtles often have algae-coated shells. They are agile, sometimes climbing high out of the water to bask. They resemble mud turtles, but have a smaller plastron with a single, weak hinge and squarish spectoral scutes, or shields. In younger turtles, the carapace has a middorsal keel. The head and neck stripes may become obscured in old individuals.

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